The Differences Between Robbery & Burglary
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You may hear the words robbery and burglary used interchangeably, but what exactly is the difference? One of the main differences is that burglary is considered a property crime while robbery is considered a violent crime.
Robbery Defined–ARS 13-1902
Arizona Revised Statute 13-1902 classifies robbery as the taking of any property of another against his will by the use of threats or force with the intent either to coerce surrender of property or to prevent resistance.
Robbery is considered a class 4 felony in Arizona, and is punishable by up to 2/5 years in prison.
Elements of a Robbery
- Taking or attempting to take property or anything of value from another. The property stolen does not need to be owned by the victim.
- The thing taking must be stolen from a person. If it is stolen from a store but no one is present then it is considered theft or burglary.
- Force was used, whether in the form of a threat or actually harm done to another in the process of committing the crime.
Burglary Defined–ARS 13-1507
Arizona Revised Statute 13-1507 classifies burglary as entering or remaining unlawfully in or on a residential structure with the intent to commit theft or any felony.
Burglary is considered a class 3 felony in Arizona, and is punishable by up to 3.5 years in prison.
Elements of a Burglary
- Unlawful entry of a private building without permission.
- Forcible entry, which can be anything from breaking a window to turning a doorknob.
- Intent to enter must be present. A person does not actually have to enter a building in order to be charged with burglary.
- Intent to commit theft or a felony must be proven or else it will be dropped to breaking and entering.
Burglary & Robbery Attorney in Chandler
Remember, by law a person is innocent until proven guilty. And guilt must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt. If you have questions concerning robbery, burglary, or any other charges, contact Coolidge Law in Chandler Arizona today. We’re criminal law specialists with knowledge, skill, and integrity, and we’re ready to talk.
Photo by Jamie Street on Unsplash (6/11/2020)